A pearl is a calcareous concretion, generally of white color, manufactured by certain bivalve molluscs (mainly pearl oysters).
The CIBJO recognizes four categories of pearls: natural pearls (very rare), cultured pearls, composite pearls, imitation pearls. In addition, there are two categories of freshwater or seawater.
The value of pearls is determined by their shape (symmetry), their shine, their size, their color and their weight.
Pearls are divided into eight basic shapes: round, semi-round, button, drop, oval, pear, baroque, banded.
The brilliance (or luster of the pearl) is the most important criterion for judging the quality of a pearl, especially for jewelers; but the larger the pearl, the more expensive it is. Large, perfectly round pearls are very rare, and highly sought after for necklaces with several rows.
The thickness of the mother-of-pearl is a criterion determining the quality of a pearl. Mother-of-pearl can be considered as the essence of the pearl, because it will give it its luster, hue and durability. A thick mother-of-pearl allows the pearl to maintain its hue and appearance durably, unlike the fine mother-of-pearl which, even if it can be very beautiful, will have more trouble lasting over time.
A little history...
Pearls have been used to make jewelry since Antiquity; they were called Aphrodite's tears. The Roman families who could afford it, bought their daughters one or two pearls each year, so that they had a full necklace when they reached their majority.
Formerly obtained by chance or picked by professionals in the Persian Gulf, pearls are at the beginning of the 21st century the subject of a culture which was developed by the Japanese from the beginning of the 20th century to the 1970s. the secret of their technique has spread to all the archipelagos of the Pacific Ocean, and French Polynesia was the main producer in 2010.
The Pearl in Astrology
The pearl symbolizes children born in June.
The cultured pearl is linked to the sign of Cancer.
It is traditionally offered for the 30th wedding anniversary.
The Pearl in lithotherapy
The pearl, called “Margarita” in Greek, was the queen of gems in Antiquity. It is the symbol of love, happiness and luck. Bright and sensual, it perfectly embodies softness and femininity. The pearl is soft, tender and feminine. Like mother-of-pearl, it would provide soothing and well-being; it would have positive effects on the problems of decalcification.
Take care for your Pearl
The pearls should be cleaned with a damp cloth.
Our selection of Pearl jewelry
- Pearl rings
- Pearl necklaces
- Pearl bracelets
- Pearl earrings